NITI Aayog has suggested 11 measures to improve the country’s school education system, especially learning outcomes for effective implementation of National Education Policy, 2020. The recommendations are released as part of a report on the systemic transformation of school education which is based on findings of NITI Aayog’s Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital (SATH-Education) initiative.
SATH-Education was launched in 2017 to identify and build three ‘role model’ states, like Jharkhand, Odisha, and Madhya Pradesh, for the educational sector.
Reasons behind the 11 measures by NITI Aayog
Officials said that the interventions undertaken by these states under the initiative have resulted in an average 20% improvement in the education system in the past few years.
The report says that the learning level of 15-25% of children in Madhya Pradesh was found to have increased in two months between baseline and midline.
The experience from these states and learning measures taken by four other states such as Rajasthan, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, and Himachal Pradesh have helped NITI Aayog to suggest 11 measures to fix problems in their education system.
The report focuses on some key areas of school education
The Right to Education Act resulted in providing near-universal access to education with 96% enrolment of students in the age group 6-10 years.
The key areas are focus on academic reforms, strengthening human capacity, strengthening administrative systems, driving accountability and creating a shared vision for change.
It also suggested the need to simplify the assessment process and the need for learning enhancement programmes.
Remedial measures are essential to decrease the learning gap, but it is not a long-term solution. States need to implement remediation in campaign mode for 4-5 years to bring all children to grade level.
As the problems in most states are almost similar. These suggestions can be used by the state governments to address specific problems. The details are given on how these measures will be implemented.